Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

MULTIPORT FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM : System Description

SYSTEM DIAGRAM

*1: ECM determines the start signal status by the signals of engine speed and


*1: ECM determines the start signal status by the signals of engine speed and battery voltage.

*2: M/T models

*3: CVT models

*4: This sensor is not used to control the engine system under normal conditions.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The amount of fuel injected from the fuel injector is determined by the ECM. The ECM controls the length of time the valve remains open (injection pulse duration). The amount of fuel injected is a program value in the ECM memory. The program value is preset by engine operating conditions. These conditions are determined by input signals (for engine speed and intake air) from the crankshaft position sensor (POS), camshaft position sensor (PHASE) and the mass air flow sensor.

VARIOUS FUEL INJECTION INCREASE/DECREASE COMPENSATION

In addition, the amount of fuel injected is compensated to improve engine performance under various operating conditions as listed below.

<Fuel increase>

  • During warm-up
  • When starting the engine
  • During acceleration
  • Hot-engine operation
  • When selector lever is changed from N to D (CVT models)
  • High-load, high-speed operation

<Fuel decrease>

  • During deceleration
  • During high engine speed operation

MIXTURE RATIO FEEDBACK CONTROL (CLOSED LOOP CONTROL)

The mixture ratio feedback system provides the best air-fuel mixture ratio


The mixture ratio feedback system provides the best air-fuel mixture ratio for driveability and emission control.

The three way catalyst (manifold) can then better reduce CO, HC and NOx emissions. This system uses A/F sensor 1 in the exhaust manifold to monitor whether the engine operation is rich or lean. The ECM adjusts the injection pulse width according to the sensor voltage signal. For more information about A/F sensor 1, refer to EC-19, "Air Fuel Ratio (A/F) Sensor 1". This maintains the mixture ratio within the range of stoichiometric (ideal air-fuel mixture).

This stage is referred to as the closed loop control condition.

Heated oxygen sensor 2 is located downstream of the three way catalyst (manifold). Even if the switching characteristics of A/F sensor 1 shift, the air-fuel ratio is controlled to stoichiometric by the signal from heated oxygen sensor 2.

  • Open Loop Control

The open loop system condition refers to when the ECM detects any of the following conditions. Feedback control stops in order to maintain stabilized fuel combustion.

  • Deceleration and acceleration
  • High-load, high-speed operation
  • Malfunction of A/F sensor 1 or its circuit
  • Insufficient activation of A/F sensor 1 at low engine coolant temperature
  • High engine coolant temperature
  • During warm-up
  • After shifting from N to D (CVT models)
  • When starting the engine

MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING CONTROL

The mixture ratio feedback control system monitors the mixture ratio signal transmitted from A/F sensor 1.

This feedback signal is then sent to the ECM. The ECM controls the basic mixture ratio as close to the theoretical mixture ratio as possible. However, the basic mixture ratio is not necessarily controlled as originally designed. Both manufacturing differences (i.e., mass air flow sensor hot wire) and characteristic changes during operation (i.e., fuel injector clogging) directly affect mixture ratio.

Accordingly, the difference between the basic and theoretical mixture ratios is monitored in this system. This is then computed in terms of “injection pulse duration” to automatically compensate for the difference between the two ratios.

“Fuel trim” refers to the feedback compensation value compared against the basic injection duration. Fuel trim includes short term fuel trim and long term fuel trim.

“Short term fuel trim” is the short-term fuel compensation used to maintain the mixture ratio at its theoretical value. The signal from A/F sensor 1 indicates whether the mixture ratio is RICH or LEAN compared to the theoretical value. The signal then triggers a reduction in fuel volume if the mixture ratio is rich, and an increase in fuel volume if it is lean.

“Long term fuel trim” is overall fuel compensation carried out long-term to compensate for continual deviation of the short term fuel trim from the central value. Such deviation will occur due to individual engine differences, wear over time and changes in the usage environment.

Fuel injection timing

Two types of systems are used.


Two types of systems are used.

  • Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection System

Fuel is injected into each cylinder during each engine cycle according to the firing order. This system is used when the engine is running.

  • Simultaneous Multiport Fuel Injection System

Fuel is injected simultaneously into all four cylinders twice each engine cycle. In other words, pulse signals of the same width are simultaneously transmitted from the ECM.

The four injectors will then receive the signals two times for each engine cycle.

This system is used when the engine is being started and/or if the fail-safe system (CPU) is operating.

FUEL SHUT-OFF

Fuel to each cylinder is cut off during deceleration, operation of the engine at excessively high speeds or operation of the vehicle at excessively high speeds.

Engine control system
ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM : System Description SYSTEM DIAGRAM NOTE: Position switch and clutch pedal position switch are not used in models with CVT. ASCD steering switch and brake pedal po ...
Electric ignition system
ELECTRIC IGNITION SYSTEM : System Description SYSTEM DIAGRAM *1: CVT models *2: M/T models Input/output signal chart Sensor Input Signal to ECM ECM function Actuator ...
Other materials:

Precautions for Suspension
When installing rubber bushings, the final tightening must be carried out under unladen conditions with tires on ground. Spilled oil might shorten the life of rubber bushings. Be sure to wipe off any spilled oil Unladen conditions mean that fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full.

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  • Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system

    Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Multiport fuel injection system