Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Evaporative Emission Control System IncorrectPurge Flow
Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow
DTC P0441 Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow
The circuit description can be found in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) System.
Refer to the EVAP System.
The two monitors, Key-Off and Purge Flow, are used to detect malfunctions relating to DTC P0441. The Key-off monitor is initiated by the ECM internal timer, known as the soak timer, 5 hours*1 after the ignition switch is turned off. The purge flow monitor runs while the engine is running.
1. KEY-OFF MONITOR
5 hours*1 after the ignition switch is turned off, the electric vacuum pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system. The ECM monitors for leaks and actuator malfunctions based on the EVAP pressure.
HINT: *1: If the engine coolant temperature is not below 35C (95F) 5 hours after the ignition switch is turned off, the monitor check starts 2 hours later. If it is still not below 35C (95F) 7 hours after the ignition switch is turned off, the monitor check starts 2.5 hours later.
*2: If only a small amount of fuel is in the fuel tank, it takes longer for the EVAP pressure to stabilize.
- Purge VSV stuck open
In operation C, the vacuum pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system. The EVAP system pressure is then measured by the ECM using the pressure sensor. If the stabilized system pressure is higher than [second 0.02 inch leak pressure standard x 0.2], the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV (Vacuum Switching Valve) being stuck open.
The ECM illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (2 trip detection logic).
- Purge VSV stuck closed
In operation D, the pressure sensor measures the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system pressure. The pressure measurement for purge VSV monitor is begun when the purge VSV is turned on (open) after the EVAP leak check. When the measured pressure indicates an increase of 0.3 kPa (2.25 mmHg) or more, the purge VSV is functioning normally. If the pressure does not increase, the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV being stuck closed. The ECM illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (2 trip detection logic).
2. PURGE FLOW MONITOR
The purge flow monitor consists of the two step monitors.
The 1st monitor is conducted every time and the 2nd monitor is activated if necessary.
- The 1st monitor
While the engine is running and the purge VSV (Vacuum Switching Valve) is on (open), the ECM monitors the purge flow by measuring the EVAP pressure change. If negative pressure is not created, the ECM begins the 2nd monitor.
- The 2nd monitor
The vent valve is turned on (closed) and the EVAP pressure is then measured. If the variation in the pressure is less than 0.5 kPa (3.75 mmHg), the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV being stuck closed, and illuminates the MIL and sets DTC P0441 (2 trip detection logic).
Atmospheric pressure check: In order to ensure reliable malfunction detection, the variation between the atmospheric pressures, before and after conduction of the purge flow monitor, is measured by the ECM.
TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS
Purge VSV stuck open and closed:
Key-off monitor sequence 1 to 8
1. Atmospheric pressure measurement
2. First reference pressure measurement
3. EVAP canister vent valve close stuck check
4. Vacuum introduction
5. EVAP canister purge valve close stuck check
6. Second reference pressure measurement
7. Leak check
8. Atmospheric pressure measurement
TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS
EVAP VSV stuck open:
EVAP VSV stuck closed:
Refer to CHECKING MONITOR STATUS
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